Hagana Ezrahit is a common sense resources guide about
Civilian Defense and Emergency Preparedness in Israel


Calamities such as the terror attacks in New York, Madrid, London and Mumbai in recent years, as well as unprovoked military attacks such as the rocket barrages on Sderot and the northern border of Israel have left many people worried about the likelihood of similar events in the future and their consequences.


Emergency situations typically occur suddenly and without warning. You may be forced to leave you home quickly or you may be trapped in your home. What would you do if basic services such as water, gas, electricity or telephones–were cut off? Depending on the magnitude of the event, you may not be able to rely on relief workers for an extended period of time.


Families and neighborhoods deal with disaster by preparing in advance and working together as a team. Following the steps presented here you can create an emergency plan to help you through such unforeseen situations.

  • Create an emergency communications plan
  • Establish meeting places and shelter locations
  • Prepare an Emergency Survival Kit
  • Listen to radio or television or internet news sources, if available, for news and instructions.
  • Administer first aid or get medical assistance for people who have been injured.
If the disaster occurs near your home, shut off any damaged utilities, confine or secure your pets, call your family contact and check with your neighbors, especially ones who are elderly or disabled.

Establish an emergency response plan

There are steps you should take now, before there is an emergency, to assure that when and if needed, your family can react calmly and without panic to ensure their safety and the safety of your community.

Communications Plan

When an emergency occurs, the first thing you’ll want to do is determine where your family members are and if they are safe. If the cellular telephone networks are up and running, this is the obvious way to get in touch with the people you need to speak to, but if not, then private mobile radios are the way to go. Since these units have limited range and will only work in your immediate neighborhood, our goal is to make them as ubiquitous as cell phones. They are as small as a cell phone, inexpensive and have no monthly fees. If everyone carried one of these radios with them at all times, messages could be relayed across greater distances. Each neighborhood should have at least one person designated as a communications coordinator, to oversee dispatching urgent messages, whether for a wide spread disaster or for a lost child.

Establish meeting places

A plan should be developed for each member of the family, for a safe place to go when an emergency occurs. This may be at you place of work, school, shopping district, neighborhood shelter or home. There should be a person to contact at each of these locations if needed. Also, once there, you should have a method established to reach others in you family to ensure their safety.